# An Optimal Control Problem in Photoacoustic Tomography

Maïtine Bergounioux^{*}

We present a photoacoustic tomography model, an imaging technique based on the reconstruction of an internal photoacoustic source distribution from measurements acquired by scanning ultrasound detectors over a surface that encloses the body containing the source under study. In a nutshell, the inverse problem consists in determining absorption and diffusion coefficients in a system coupling a hyperbolic equation (acoustic pressure wave) with a parabolic equation (diffusion of the fluence rate), from boundary measurements of the photoacoustic pressure. Since such kinds of inverse problems are known to be generically ill-posed, we propose here an optimal control approach, introducing a penalized functional with a regularizing term in order to deal with such difficulties. The coefficients we want to recover stand for the control variable. We provide a mathematical analysis of this problem, showing that this approach makes sense. We finally write necessary first order optimality conditions and give preliminary numerical results. Joint work with X. Bonnefond, Y. Privat and T. Haberkorn

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Plenary Lecture