A Nonlinear Moving-Boundary Problem of Parabolic-Hyperbolic-Hyperbolic Type Arising in Fluid-Multi-Layered Structure Interaction Problems

Suncica Canic, Boris Muha* and Martina Bukac

Motivated by modeling blood flow in human arteries, we study a fluid-structure interaction problem in which the structure is composed of multiple layers, each with possibly different mechanical characteristics and thickness. In the problem presented in this talk the structure is composed of two layers: a thin layer modeled by the 1D wave equation, and a thick layer modeled by the 2D equations of linear elasticity. The flow of an incompressible, viscous fluid is modeled by the Navier-Stokes equations. The thin structure is in contact with the fluid thereby serving as a fluid-structure interface with mass. The coupling between the fluid and the structure is nonlinear. The resulting problem is a nonlinear, moving-boundary problem of parabolic-hyperbolic-hyperbolic type. We show that the model problem has a well-defined energy, and that the energy is bounded by the work done by the inlet and outlet dynamic pressure data. The spaces of weak solutions reveal that the presence of a thin fluid-structure interface with mass regularizes solutions of the coupled problem. We present a constructive proof of an existence of a weak solution for the considered problem. All theoretical results will be illustrated with numerical examples.

Mathematics Subject Classification: 35R37

Keywords: fluid-structure interaction; multi-layered structure; nonlinear moving boundary problem;

Minisymposion: Mathematical Modeling of Physical Phenomena